What is BitBucket and How it works?



What is BitBucket and How it works?

What is BitBucket and How it works?


Admina Team


What is BitBucket ?

In today's technologically advanced world, collaboration is key, especially when it comes to code development. BitBucket is one such platform that provides a collaborative environment for developers. This article aims to comprehensively explain what BitBucket is, and how it works. We will be diving into the mechanics of this web-based hosting service, exploring its features, benefits, and how it facilitates smooth collaboration among multiple developers on software development projects. Whether you're a seasoned developer or simply interested in the intriguing world of coding, this guide will equip you with a thorough understanding of BitBucket and its functionalities.

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Extending its functionality as a premier Git repository management solution, Bitbucket stands out in the professional landscape, providing teams with an exemplary central hub for git repository management. It goes beyond just handling source code, actively guiding teams through the intricate development flow. This ensures that from start to finish, every aspect of the software development process is streamlined and efficient.

Bitbucket’s offerings are diverse, with deployment options that cater to different organizational needs and preferences. Users can choose from Bitbucket Cloud, Bitbucket Data Center, and Bitbucket Server, each designed to provide unique advantages and capabilities. Bitbucket Cloud offers the flexibility and accessibility of a cloud-based solution, while Bitbucket Data Center provides the scalability needed for larger enterprise environments. On the other hand, Bitbucket Server delivers a self-managed option, giving teams full control over their development environment.

The platform reinforces security and efficiency in collaborative efforts, particularly in code review and management, through its comprehensive access control mechanisms. These mechanisms ensure that only authorized individuals have access to sensitive source code, maintaining the integrity and security of the development process. In addition, Bitbucket facilitates seamless pull requests, enabling teams to review and merge code changes with ease. This not only accelerates the development pace but also ensures that code quality is maintained throughout the project lifecycle.

Incorporating these features, Bitbucket enhances the robust suite of tools available for development teams, complementing the existing functionalities of other Atlassian products. This synergy between tools creates a cohesive and powerful environment for software development, positioning Bitbucket as an indispensable asset for professional teams aiming to collaborate and excel in their development endeavors. With its comprehensive features, diverse deployment options, and unwavering commitment to security and collaboration, Bitbucket reinforces its role as a leading solution in the realm of managing git repositories.

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How BitBucket works architecture?

BitBucket is a web-based hosting platform primarily utilized for accommodating source code and fostering development projects. Its fundamental architecture is defined by Git and Mercurial, which are both renowned version control systems. BitBucket plays a crucial role for developers by simplifying the tracking of changes, facilitating mutual reviews, and enabling code merging. This helps ensure the utmost control over various versions of code. The heart of BitBucket is its distributed structure, paving the way for multiple branches and clones. Each branch or clone symbolizes an independent path of development, eradicating any potential for  conflicts. This enables constructive cooperation and simultaneous development among several teams. The user journey often begins with placing code into BitBucket, stored meticulously in 'repositories' or 'repos'. This paves the way for global collaboration, despite a local set up. A unique feature of BitBucket is its basic branching mechanism, supporting the optimal management of clones and branches managing git repositories. The platform's pull request feature marks a crucial step in the coding journey, where any code changes made are thoroughly reviewed before merging. This mechanism not only enhances the quality of code but also boosts effective project management functions, thereby proving to be a vital tool for developers.

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Use case of BitBucket

BitBucket, an Atlassian product, is a development tool utilizing Git-based code hosting and collaboration. It is primarily utilized in version control, aiding developers in tracking and facilitating discussions about modifications to the code. BitBucket enables concurrent programming, allowing for simultaneous work on various project aspects without hindering others' progress. This tool also supports build, test and deploy, and deployment pipelines that simplify the process of delivering software, eliminating inefficiencies. BitBucket further ensures secure and efficient software delivery through robust team management and sound security protocols. It features the implementation of pull requests for code reviews and permission for access management. To effectively leverage BitBucket, follow these steps: Firstly, create your project on BitBucket by logging in and selecting 'Create Project' from the Project tab. This project will house multiple repositories. Afterwards, create a new repository by clicking on the "+" symbol. To clone this Git repository to your local machine, simply click on 'Clone' within the repository and BitBucket provides a command-line clone dialog. Copy this command and specify the directory in which you want the repository copied. Lastly, create a branch for changes by clicking 'Branches' then 'Create branch'. This branch, named “Master” by default, can be edited as per your requirements.

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Feature and Advantage of using BitBucket ?

Building upon its reputation as a favorite among coding professionals, BitBucket continually innovates to ensure a seamless user experience. The platform now enables users to review large diffs effortlessly, enhancing code readability and simplifying the review process. Viewing third-party code reports and opening Jira tickets directly from the pull request (PR) screen are now possible, streamlining workflows and boosting efficiency. This jira integration not only tightens the collaboration between code and task management but also augments BitBucket’s existing synergy with Jira Software, furthering its capabilities as a comprehensive tool for developers.

BitBucket also takes automation to the next level with Bitbucket Pipelines, its built-in continuous integration/continuous deployment (CI/CD) tool. This feature empowers teams to create powerful, automated test and deploy workflows, ensuring that deployments are smooth and error-free. For those with existing on-prem CI/CD tools like Bamboo or Jenkins, connecting them to Bitbucket Cloud is a breeze, offering flexibility and catering to diverse workflow needs. This addition bolsters BitBucket's position as a versatile platform, adept at handling the varied demands of modern software development.

Furthermore, BitBucket’s integration with Atlassian Open DevOps, a pre-configured DevOps solution, connects users to a suite of tools including Jira Software, Confluence, and more. This creates a streamlined environment for teams to collaborate, plan, and execute tasks efficiently, all within the BitBucket interface. Users are encouraged to watch the demo and see firsthand how BitBucket Cloud harmoniously works in tandem with Atlassian Open DevOps to drive productivity and innovation.

In essence, these enhancements fortify BitBucket’s standing as a versatile, secure, and user-friendly platform. Whether managing code, automating deployments, or collaborating on tasks, BitBucket provides the tools necessary to navigate the complexities of software development with ease. Its commitment to improving user experience, combined with its robust set of features, ensures that BitBucket remains a top choice for developers worldwide.

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Best Alternative of BitBucket

Among the top ten alternatives to BitBucket, GitHub shines as an outstanding choice due to its numerous advantages for software developers. Primarily, GitHub serves as a centralized depot for your codebase, enhancing its visibility and fostering collaborative efforts among developers. The combination of its user-friendly design and unlimited public repositories makes it a particularly appealing choice. Moreover, GitHub is supported by a vast and active community that is ever ready to provide assistance in troubleshooting problems, making it stand out among the other options. In addition to its extensive network, the platform is closely integrated with numerous widely-used DevOps tools, including Jenkins, Docker, and AWS, providing an additional convenience level. Moreover, developers can leverage its rich API to customize and automate processes, enhancing GitHub's overall functionality and efficiency. From a security standpoint, GitHub employs stringent protocols to safeguard your repositories, which is a crucial factor to consider given the sensitivity of the codebase. These include features like two-factor authentication and protection against potential threats like DDoS attacks and phishing. In terms of usage, GitHub can boast of a broad user base that ranges from individual open-source contributors to large corporations. Availability of features like pull requests, issue tracking, and more, besides its robust security and broad user base contribute to GitHub's position as an exceptional alternative to BitBucket. Regardless of your programming experience, GitHub's comprehensive features and benefits make it an optimal choice for your source control needs.

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What is GitHub

GitHub is a for-profit company renowned for rendering a collaborative landscape designed specifically for coders and software developers worldwide. Its platform significantly eases the process of utilizing 'Git', a distributed version control system, for version control and collaboration. The cloud-based hosting service serves  as a platform and central place for developers to host, review, manage, and merge changes to their code with relative ease. GitHub’s primary aim is to facilitate efficient workflow among professional teams by providing an interface that simplifies team collaboration in the vast domain of coding. It propagates the ideology of social networking among developers by aiding visibility and recognition of their work. Such a platform inherently fosters a community dedicated to knowledge sharing and joint software development. It introduces the convenience of allowing multiple users to work on a single project simultaneously. This, in turn, encourages interactive learning, productive brainstorming, and faster problem-solving. Code changes are tracked and can be seamlessly merged, streamlining the software development process  In essence, GitHub nurtures a vibrant, interactive, and productive environment that redefines the experience of coding for developers around the globe.

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What is GitLab

GitLab is a highly integrated platform designed to kit out software development teams with an interconnected workspace. The platform offers a full suite of tools, covering all phases of the development life cycle. It expertly manages source code, ensuring seamless integration and delivery, alongside robust project management and diligent, ongoing monitoring. A unique aspect of GitLab is that it was born as an open-source project. This innovative approach facilitates software developers in collaboratively writing, testing, and reviewing code. It offers the additional benefit of tracking changes to the code, as well as the integration of assorted code elements into one cohesive project. Overall, GitLab significantly simplifies the task of creating software. It achieves this by driving increased efficiency and productivity within development teams. The ultimate result of adopting GitLab's platform is the production of better-quality software, notable for its high reliability. GitLab is a web-based, comprehensive Git repository that offers both free open and private git repositories. It also provides. Being a complete DevOps platform, GitLab empowers tech professionals to undertake all the necessary tasks within a project, from the initial project planning stage to securing the final product, all while allowing for team collaboration to develop superior software solutions.

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What is Azure DevOps Server

Azure DevOps Server, initially recognized as Team Foundation Server (TFS) and later Visual Studio Team System (VSTS), constitutes an invaluable product by Microsoft. It is proficient in delivering extensive management capabilities, designed to cater to a comprehensive range of requirements pertinent to software development. This one-stop suite boasts an impressive repertoire of tools, optimizing the overall software development lifecycle. It specializes in version control, which can be integrated with either Team Foundation Version Control (TFVC) or Git, thereby facilitating seamless source control. In terms of reporting, Azure DevOps Server stands out with robust data collection and analytics. It also incorporates requirements management capabilities for comprehensive project tracking, making it a versatile asset for agile software development and waterfall teams alike. Automated builds shortenspeed up the development timeline and ensure a systematic, quality-controlled output of software through testing and release management utilities. In sync with the DevOps philosophy, Azure DevOps Server boosts productivity and efficiency, enabling the consistent delivery of high-quality software. Besides its primary capabilities, Azure DevOps can operate as a back-end for various integrated development environments (IDEs), tailored specifically for Microsoft Visual Studio and Eclipse on all platforms. This central platform is integral to managing lab environments, making Azure DevOps a versatile tool in the contemporary developer landscape.

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What is Gerrit

Gerrit serves as a beneficial asset for teams aiming to refine their coding procedures and practices. Known as a web-based code evaluation tool specifically utilized for projects that leverage the Git version control system, Gerrit fosters seamless collaboration among software developers, facilitating the approval and submission of amendments. Taking its name from the celebrated Dutch architect and furniture designer, Gerrit Rietveld, the tool significantly aids in the encumbrance-free exchange of ideas. It functions through a series of thorough code review mechanisms, encouraging a user-friendly platform for managing software development projects. Gerrit's emphasis on branching and merging is one of its most notable features. It underscores changes in a visually pleasing side-by-side comparison layout, allowing uncomplicated identification and interaction of differences. As an open-source code reviews tool, Gerrit greatly advocates clarity and efficiency. The appropriate development and supervision of code repositories is contributing to the reduction of mishandling of significant code components. Gerrit's close integration with Git, a popular distributed version control system, establishes a cooperative environment where software developers within a team can examine each other's alterations on their source code using a web browser; this, in turn, provides room for voting on changes. Ultimately, Gerrit's usage brings about enhanced productivity and collaborative coding efforts.

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What is Assembla

Assembla, an advanced online platform commonly used by development teams, is a pioneer in agile project management, version control, and issue tracking. As a web-based software provider, it is exceptionally proficient in version control, source code management, and business enterprise. Since its inception in 2005 and its acquisition by Scaleworks in 2016, Assembla has continually evolved and improved its services. Providing integration with Git, Subversion, and Perforce repositories, Assembla ensures that code collaboration, project workflow control, and documentation are streamlined and efficient. This integration has been expanded to include other enterprise software such as Trello, Slack, JIRA, and the Cornerstone Subversion client for macOS. Additionally, Assembla extends its service to interface with private cloud management, offering clients more flexibility in their software development processes. Assembla's centralization of the workflow elements and related data substantially improves the management and tracking of the entire software project lifecycle. By doing so, teams can effectively operate and keep track of progress, making the development process more efficient and productive. Its advanced tools, which include task assignments, performance analytics, access controls, and real-time updates, solidifies Assembla's position as a crucial asset in achieving streamlined software development processes.

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What is Helix Core

Helix Core, a robust product from Perforce, is a superior version control system, specifically designed to facilitate the management, monitoring, and preservation of modifications in source code files throughout their development lifecycle. The solution demonstrates wide-ranging functionality by effectively tracking both binary and textual content and concurrently preserving their various iterations along with exhaustive historical details. It operates as a collaborative tool, empowering team members to work together more efficiently as it captures every version of each digital asset and diligently records the complete version history with audit trails. Suitable for business enterprises, regardless of their size, Helix Core functions as a singularly authoritative reference for all assets. This means it upholds version accuracy and ensures that all team members have seamless access to the appropriate version of any file or document. By doing so, it significantly enhances productivity and fosters a smoother and more streamlined workflow across the organization. Furthermore, the platform adapts to a wide variety of digital assets, including videos, binary files, IPs, and codes, providing an efficient interface for them all in one cohesive portal. This unified approach not only simplifies navigation of large file storage, but also optimizes the sharing of files among team members, consequently aiding in the successful execution of multiple projects.

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What is JFrog Artifactory

JFrog Artifactory is a highly versatile artifact repository manager tailored to enhance your development cycles. This system is programmed to proficiently manage all types of binary artifacts, presenting a universal solution to streamline software production. Boasting a rich variety of feature sets, such as automation, integration with major CI/CD tools, and comprehensive metadata tracking, Artifactory is engineered to significantly boost productivity and ensure a higher degree of reproducibility. As an indispensable component of the DevOps landscape, it empowers teams to streamline the life cycle of software packages, from developmental phases to final distribution. Artifactory encompasses different software package formats and pioneers a unified point of access for all binary elements to minimize any development risk and ensure consistency. Adding Artifactory to your toolchain allows for secure artifact file storage within your personal repository, fostering better control over artifact management. This technological shift offered by JFrog Artifactory results in progressive transformations in how institutions manage artifacts, thereby enhancing their efficiency and productive capacities. With its revolutionary features, JFrog Artifactory as an artifact repository manager stands as a paragon of efficiency in maintaining control of artifacts by ensuring tight-knit integration, automation, and comprehensive metadata tracking. This helps to reduce the development risks, accelerate development cycles, and boost productivity, reinventing the approach to artifact management in the process.

What is Beanstalk

As a product of Amazon Web Services (AWS), Beanstalk is a comprehensive application that provides DevOps teams with an all-encompassing, customizable platform to manage application development proficiently. More technically referred to as Amazon Elastic Beanstalk, this application simplifies the process significantly by serving as a managed service environment, thereby facilitating effortless deployment and operation of applications without the need for any infrastructure. Beanstalk is an instrument of efficiency as it handles critical functions such as application setup, capacity provisioning, load balancing, and auto-scaling streamlined under a single platform. One of its highlighting features is the wide array of programming languages it supports such as Java, .NET, Python, Ruby, PHP, and more. This compatibility broadens the scope for developers and allows them to concentrate more on coding rather than dealing with back-end processes. This is where Beanstalk's brilliance lies as it handles all backend services, including infrastructure setup, application deployment, and overall management of AWS services. In essence, Beanstalk is a cost-effective, time-efficient, and user-friendly solution capable of significantly amplifying the productivity of app developers. The true value of Beanstalk lies in its ability to mitigate administrative burdens and allow developers to stay focused on what truly matters - delivering top-tier applications.

Why do we use Bitbucket?

Bitbucket, a dependable platform for version control and collaboration, enhances efficient teamwork for various coding projects. Its versatility stems from its support for Git and Mercurial, making it a flexible choice for all developers. Integral to Bitbucket are several robust features, such as pull requests for code consultations, in-line commentary for smooth collaboration, and integration with Jira software for quick issue detection and resolution. Bitbucket is also noted for its robust source code restriction through access control, ensuring your code remains secure. Leveraging workflow control, it allows for the seamless enforcement of projects or team processes, including pull requests for code review collaboration. With integrated Jira tool integration, Bitbucket ensures smooth traceability of the entire development process, further streamlining project management. The platform’s comprehensive feature is the full REST API, poised to develop features that modify workflow as required. Bitbucket Cloud, deployed on Atlassian's servers, enables URL-based access and comes equipped with an intrinsic persistent integration integrated jira tool. The tool’s pipelines permit the immediate development, testing, and execution within the Bitbucket environment. On the other hand, the Bitbucket server is hosted directly on-premises, allowing for a highly customizable environment. While it lacks native testing and deployment features, it pairs well with Bamboo, a strong continuous integration and persistent delivery tool automating the process. In providing free private repositories for small teams, Bitbucket proves highly beneficial to startups and independent developers for its flexibility, security, and cost-efficiency, making it a go-to choice in software development.

Features of Bitbucket

Bitbucket is a robust version control software developed by Atlassian, renowned for its particular feature set which caters to the needs of developers and businesses alike. This sophisticated platform supports both Git and Mercurial projects, delivering a dynamic solution for code sharing and team collaboration. Bitbucket streamlines the code review process with its comprehensive pull request functionality while its integrated Pipeline feature ensures efficient continuous integration and delivery. Bitbucket is designed for seamless integration with JIRA and Trello for effective project management and issue tracking. As security is of paramount importance, Bitbucket incorporates sophisticated user permission levels, a two-step verification procedure, and IP whitelisting, ensuring enhanced data security. Beyond version control, Bitbucket offers valuable features such as support for Git Large File Storage services, tracking, wikis, rich integrations, and useful add-ons. It also includes provisions for readme files in various markdown file formats. The software allows developers to host static websites on the Bitbucket server or cloud servers, with Bitbucket.io.domain featured in the URL. This flexibility extends to the support for Jenkins projects and multiple branch pipelines, facilitated through smart monitoring and efficient snippet exchanges. The Bitbucket server is compatible with most operating systems, including Mac, Windows, and Android. It is also SOC type 2 compliant, reinforcing its commitment to steadfast security measures. In conclusion, whether for large enterprises or small businesses, Bitbucket serves as a trusted, feature-rich, and secure version control system.

Bitbucket Advantages

In the sphere of software development, the version control tool, Bitbucket, displays a marked advantage. Not only does it integrate effortlessly with Jira, thereby strengthening project management by connecting code modifications to a Jira issue, it also offers free unlimited private repositories, ensuring your work is kept confidential. This tool is highly distinguished for its unique use of Pull requests which act as a catalyst in enhancing code quality through encouraging code review and fostering meaningful discussion. Additionally, Bitbucket stands out for its automated pipeline functionality that streamlines the processes of building, testing, and deploying applications, thereby enhancing efficiency. It also provides support for both Git and Mercurial repositories. One of its most commendable features is its sturdy permission system which, unlike other similar tools, offers a flexible user experience. Further, its intuitive user interface assures ease of navigation and usage. Bitbucket not only runs on multiple operating systems but also allows users to register via an official web browser and set up their own personal account. Predicated mainly on the mechanism of source code management, Bitbucket simplifies access to both free unlimited private repositories and public repositories, making it ideal for smaller teams and robust query management systems. Bitbucket also supports social media authentication and offers a cutting-edge bug tracking tool integrated with the Jira tool. An added bonus is its provision for free repository importing, available to both educators and students.

Bitbucket Disadvantages

Bitbucket, at the first glance, may appear to be an optimal solution for version control and code collaboration. However, a deeper examination unravels a few considerable shortcomings. Foremost among them, is its user interface. It is not very intuitive and thereby contributes to an already steep learning curve for the uninitiated programmers. While integration with Atlassian products may be smooth sailing, its compatibility with non-Atlassian tools leaves much to be desired. Moreover, Bitbucket's performance has been the subject of some criticism, despite its robust features. Disruptions like platform lag, particularly with large repositories, results in productivity detriment. This issue mirrors the lack of stability in GitHub while deploying the launch repository using an external application, further slowing down the process under heavy loads. Additionally, Bitbucket's pricing presents another significant drawback. It permits only a team size of five members for free, but the team size’s expansion necessitates additional membership payments. This payment structure may present a financial barrier to the broader inclusion for smaller teams and startups eyeing the advanced features of Bitbucket. In essence, despite the convenience offered by Bitbucket, the platform's limitations should not be overlooked. While it has potential, these deficiencies reaffirm the need for improvements and optimization, notably in its interface, tool compatibility, performance, and pricing structure.


In conclusion, BitBucket is an indispensable tool for developers in the coding world. Its collaborative environment facilitates the efficiency and effectiveness of software development projects by enabling real-time collaboration among multiple developers. The comprehensive understanding of BitBucket and its functionalities provided in this article emphasizes its role in today’s technologically advanced world. Whether you’re a seasoned developer or a budding programmer, BitBucket is certainly a platform that is worth familiarizing yourself with.

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